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On men：a plural morpheme and a collective marker
men,plural morpheme,collective marker,teaching design,
|Publication Year :||2020|
There are two main ways to account for the roles of men in Chinese: “plural” morpheme and “collective” marker. These two roles use different deep-structure tree diagrams to represent the same surface structure. In this thesis, we want to clarify the instructive meanings men carries by means of viewing men in two different lights. First, when men is regarded as a “plural” morpheme, it works for people to know what is referred is not “singular”. With this in mind, the existence of men will definitely help listeners indicate the plurality of the referred since Chinese nouns are not inflected for number. Second, when men is regarded as a “collective” marker, it will remind L2 Chinese learners some linguistic properties men differs itself from “-s”. For example, men could not co-occur with “You-construction” and a demonstrative-classifier. In addition, men could not follow a number phrase, and it would usually attach itself to a personal noun. The purpose some people want to differ “men - collective marker” from “men - plural morpheme” is to avoid negative transfer from learners’ previous acquisition of the English plural marker, “-s”. And it is also what this thesis endeavors to achieve --- state viewpoints these two approaches advocate: “men- collective marker” and “men - plural morpheme”. In addition, this study also sheds light on the semantic and pragmatic aspects of men. In doing so, we hope the association of theory and practice can benefit L2 Chinese teachers and
The organization of this thesis is as follows: chapter 1 covers research motivation, goal and approaches. Chapter 2 lays out the multiple aspects of men with approaches which consider men a collective marker, a plural morpheme or a singular reference. Chapter 3 focuses on the detailed analysis of men with respect to its grammatical and pragmatic function. In the beginning, we indicate the arguments some linguists hold to categorize men as a collective marker instead of a plural morpheme like “-s”. Then, we delve into the co-occurrence restrictions of men with number phrase, “You-construction”, demonstrative-classifier, generic reference, (collective) classifier, copula, and “Dou” (a distributive marker) . In chapter 4,we will look at how the co-occurrence of de and men functions as a communication lubricant in our daily conversation. In chapter 5,we will try to uncover the underlying causes which mask a singular “I” with a confusing plural appearance “we”. We, thus, suggest men be regarded as a “plural morpheme”, which has a main meaning, “plural morpheme”, and two underlying meanings, “collective marker” and “singular reference”. Aside from linguistic structural analysis, chapter 6 tracks back to the original meaning of men with lexical definition because we hope to mirror the whole picture of men with further understanding of its history. In addition, we are also interested in every possibility men as a suffix will demonstrate in the near future. In the concluding chapter 7, we compose a teaching design for middle-level CSL students on the frame
of men as a plural morpheme.
|Appears in Collections:||華語教學碩士學位學程|
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