Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Discussion of Plant Remains in the Peinan Site Based on Phytolith Analysis and Plant Impression Replica Method on Pottery
the Peinan Site,the Peinan Culture,plant remains,archaeobotany,Taiwan ancient rice,phytolith analysis,plant impression replica method on pottery,
|Publication Year :||2013|
The Peinan Site is the representative site of the Peinan Culture in the Neolithic Age in eastern Taiwan. It has been excavated many times over the years, and there is much archaeological data. However, researchers never discovered any plant remains. For this reason, it is difficult to research agriculture at the site.
Therefore, this study tries to apply two methods of scientific analysis, phytolith analysis and plant impression replica method on pottery, in order to find clues of plant remains in the Peinan Site, to know what kinds of plants existed, what was their distribution in time and space, and how prehistoric people used plants. The phytolith analysis is based on ceramic and soil samples, and the plant impression replica method is from plant impressions in the inside or outside of the pottery.
According to the results of the analysis, there are not any fan-shaped phytoliths in the Cord-mark Pottery Culture and the Sanho Culture, and there are phytoliths of Bambusoideae, Andropogoneae and Oryza in the Peinan Culture. Rice was part of prehistoric peoples’ life from the early period of the Peinan Culture, and it disappeared after the end of the Peinan Culture. In addition, cogongrass and awn were always plentiful, and the most common seen outdoors. Bambusoideae phytoliths appeared from the early period of the Peinan Culture to modern times, and that means the Peinan Site was warm and wet in the prehistoric environment.
In the period of the Peinan Culture, there were two findings between the inside and outside of settlement. The rice which the prehistoric Peinan people depended on grew on the outside. They possibly farmed by upland rice cultivation. There were cogongrass and awn along the field. Some areas had reeds and job’s tears, and this illustrates that there may have existed a pond or lake. In the settlement, people took rice with its stalks and leaves back to store. They may have intended to use them as structure materials.
Through shape analysis, the Oryza phytoliths in the Peinan Site are cultivated rice, and they may belong to O. sativa Indica by rice subspecies analysis. Finally, I have collected data of rice types in archaeological sites in Taiwan, and I propose that we can reexamine the data by applying the scientific analysis method in the future to increase the level of confidence.
|Appears in Collections:||人類學系|
Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.