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The Relationship Between Environmental Awareness and Environmental Behaviors：An Empirical Study on Metropolitan Region in Taiwan
environmental literacy,environmental awareness,environmental behavior,private sector environmental behavior,public sector environmental behavior,Linear Probability Model,Probit model,
|Publication Year :||2019|
本研究利用中研院 1996 年所調查之台灣地區家戶垃圾製造、回收行為、與垃圾收費意見調查問卷，以 20 歲至 74 歲之台灣都會區民眾為研究對象，共有 603 筆樣本，利用Probit model 與 Linear Probability Model 對環境意識與環境行為之間影響性進行相關研究。實證結果發現環境意識對私領域環境行為有正向顯著影響，且當中消費與使用類型之環境行影響結果較為顯著，而環境意識對公共領域各項環境行為與整體環境行為並沒有顯著影響。家計特徵變數方面，私領域環境行為方面，女性發生環境行為顯著高於男性約 0.467 單位，而教育程度與家庭人數對環境行為之影響多為顯著正相關，然而公共領域的環境行為估計結果多為不顯著影響。
After the industrial revolution of the eighteenth century, technological progress has brought prosperity and convenience to human. However, due to over-exploitation and environmental destruction, global warming and extreme weather have occurred, so environmental protection has become an important global issue to our generations. With dramatic changes in the environment, people began to put the relationship between human beings and the natural environment into consideration, and the environmental awareness began to grow up. Since then studies on improving the environment have been widely carried out., Needless to say, environmental problems mainly originated from human’s behaviors, so the discussion of environmental behaviors has become a popular issue during this century. However, the discussion about environmental behaviors so far mainly focuses on specific types of environmental behaviors, such as green consumption and usage behaviors. Therefore, in order to make up for the lack of past research, this study will target different types of research on environmental behaviors, and by adding environmental awareness and family property variables into the estimation, we can understand what kind of environmental behavior factors have impact on Taiwanese people.
This study used the questionnaires on household manufacturing, recycling, and garbage collection surveys conducted by the Academia Sinica in 1996. The survey was conducted in Taiwan metropolitan areas between the ages of 20 and 74. A total of 603 samples were used, and were put into estimation using Probit model and the Linear Probability Model to seethe relationship between environmental awareness and environmental behavior. The empirical results show that environmental awareness has a significant positive impact on the environmental behavior in the private sector, and the environmental impacts of consumption and use types are more significant among all types of behaviors , while environmental awareness has no significant impact on the environmental behaviors and overall environmental behaviors in the public sector. In terms of household characteristics, especially for environmental behaviors in the private sector, women's environmental behaviors are significantly higher than that of men's 0.467 units, while education and the number of family members have a significant positive correlation with environmental behaviors. However, the environmental behaviors estimates in the public sector are mostly insignificant.
Finally, this study believes that environmental awareness has a significant positive correlation with environmental behaviors in the private sector, the government should strengthen the publicity and establishment of environmental awareness, in order to increase the occurrence of environmental behaviors. Other types of environmental behaviors that are insignificant with environmental awareness can be further studied by investigating other factors that may affect the occurrence of environmental behaviors, such as the traffic behavior of the people, the distance between the people's residence and workplace, the route planning of mass transit vehicles and the green transportation. By doing so, we can see if it can improve people's green traffic behaviors.
|Appears in Collections:||農業經濟學系|
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