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Applying Volunteered Geographic Information to Identify Attraction and Difficulty of Hiking Trails
VGI,hiking,attraction,hiking trails difficulty,
|Publication Year :||2019|
Taiwan's mountains are rich in resources. Mountain activities are healthy and prevalent. The government has continued to improve the trail environment for a long time and promote the popularization of mountaineering. The implementation of recreational activities must consider both the difficulty of activities and the attraction of the environment. In recent years, the government has actively promoted the classification of trails according to the altitude, length, slope, difficulty of walking, route characteristics, road conditions, and other factors. At the same time, trail information is provided to help the public with the trail selection. However, the division of these difficulty levels is mainly judged by the professional. Whether it is consistent with the actual behavior and experience of the people and remains to be confirmed by empirical research. The environmental awareness of the people with the different difficulty level trails and the attraction of the recreation are different, it is also worth further exploration.
In the past, hiking research mostly used behavior observation and questionnaire survey methods. It is difficult to accurately grasp the spatial distribution of actual behavior. However, the research space scale is small, only for single or a few trails which cannot represent the large-scale spatial behavior. The spatial behavior of each type of trail is difficult to be compared. While the pedestrian's perceptual preference is set by the researcher's problem and behavioral research is limited. In recent years, technologies such as positioning systems and geo-tags have developed, and the public is free to upload information to the community platform for sharing. This spontaneous geographic information has the advantages of instant, convenient, comprehensive coverage, and detailed data. It also reflects the behavioral characteristics of the publisher and brings breakthrough opportunities for spatial behavior research. Therefore, this study mainly uses volunteered geographic information to explore the overall behavior of hiking and the difficulty of the trail and the attractiveness of the environment.
The research object was the hiking trail of Xiaobaiyue in Taiwan, and the data of the 'Hiking Biji' was selected for analysis. According to the 1295 GPS trajectory data uploaded by the public, the environmental attractiveness and difficulty rating of each trail are analyzed through quantitative statistics. The user's evaluation of each trail's comments is qualitatively analyzed to define the user's difficulty perception and Environmental attractiveness; a comprehensive comparison of qualitative and quantitative analysis results.
The research results show that there are 1295 GPS trajectories and 1056 comments on the trails, involving 132 strips of Xiaobaiyue related trails. There are comments about GPS tracks and trails uploaded by tourists on each trail, and the average GPS tracks of each trail are 9.74. The average number of comments per trail is 7.95. The main attractive attributes of the high-attractive trails are mainly natural environment attractions, which have visual openness and beautiful natural landscape as the most important attributes. The most attractive trail with the attraction of which material is not easy to be slippery, the traffic is convenient, the parking is sufficient and the safety is also mentioned by the public. For Easiest level trails, the public most often judges the difficulty factor as the difficulty for visitors, followed by the applicable target. Moderate level pays more attention to the slope and physical fitness. Moderately Strenuous trails are most often mentioned in addition to the difficulty and physical fitness of visitors. The topography of the Strenuous grade trails has the highest proportion of ratings, followed by the applicable objects and the difficulty of use. Very Strenuous grade trails are mainly judged by physical fitness.
|Appears in Collections:||園藝暨景觀學系|
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