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China’s reform in critique of world capitalism: Dirlik’s post-revolutionary perspective
Reform and opening,Socialist market economy,Socialism with Chinese characteristics,Post-socialism,Post-revolutionary,
|Publication Year :||2019|
The market mechanism of capitalism was introduced into the Chinese economy post the reform and opening of mainland China. It was claimed that, after the combination of the capitalistic market mechanism and socialism, to become such a mechanism of “socialist market economy”, which was in line with China’s national aspirations and would be beneficial for the development of its economy. This thesis mainly focused on Arif Dirlik, as a research subject and a Turkish-American Chinese scholar, and was aimed to investigate how his unique experiences in academia, cultural background and personal life experiences as a western sinologist, has influenced the way he constructed and transformed his interest in the study of Chinese. This study also explored whether his personal experiences related to China had an impact on his academic stance and research interests in anyway. Using textual analysis and in-depth interview, this thesis set AD 1990 as a turning point to divide Dirlik’s academic career into early and later stages to trace how his academic experiences, cultural background and changes in the international situation of his time helped to shape his own perspective on Chinese. In addition, one chapter of this thesis would exclusively discuss his observations of socialism with Chinese characteristics.
Dirlik had long devoted himself to do intensive research on Chinese revolution history and the idea of social revolution throughout his early career, and it helped him to develop the unique interpretation of the “post-socialism” phase of socialism with Chinese characteristics. Furthermore, after experiencing the incident of Tiananmen square protests, he reconsidered the concept of practicing and reforming post-socialism with Chinese characteristics from a more macroscopic view of post-colonial criticism and global modernity. It was uncovered in this thesis that Dirlik’s solicitude for China closely correlated with the changes in Chinese economic reforms and revolution. As he witnessed these changes in reforms, his perception changed from that of having great expectations to disappointment and warranting criticism of their reforms. He gradually became a rigorous critique of china. Furthermore, after devoting much time in researching Chinese culture, Dirlik acted in a radical left-wing way to look and criticize such “post-revolutionary China” after abandoning socialism and avoiding further revolution.
|Appears in Collections:||國家發展研究所|
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