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The NIMBY Effect of Public Housing in Taipei City
NIMBY,Social Housing,Public Housing,Content Analysis,Public Hearing,
|Publication Year :||2019|
Taipei Mayor Ko Wen-je has made efforts to keep his election promise to build at public housing units by 20,000 in four years for a total of 50,000 units in eight years science 2014. However, it did not live up to expectations. One of the reasons is the nearby residents’ objection. Actually, there are 92.5% citizen support the social housing which is for rent only and not for sale in Taipei city. The contradiction which people agree government to take care of disadvantaged groups but disagree to settle social housing nearby is the effect of NIMBY (Not in My Back Yard).
This thesis intends to answer the question below: (a) What’s the reason for residents to oppose public housing in Taipei city? How many theoretical categories are there? Is the NIMBY effect really exist as this thesis supposed? (b) Are there different NIMBY levels in different public housing sites? Is NIMBY level affected by demographic characteristics and size of building site? At the same time, this thesis tidied up the meaning of NIMBY, affecting factor, and the NIMBY effect of social housing. And organized the changes in the residential policy in Taipei city and the current policy, established research structure through the literature review above. Based on the Opportunity Cost theory, this research also created “expectations of the site” as a variable which did not mention in early NIMBY study. This research used Content Analysis to analysis transcript of public hearings of the Taipei Public Housing project in each site, used the deductive approach to verification with quantitative data, and supplemented by qualitative information to get a more in-depth description of NIMBY effect. This study also had a semi-structured interview a representative of the Department of Urban Development, Taipei City Government to understand actual situation.
The results show that the NIMBY effect took place in the process of promoting public housing policy. NIMBY levels are also different in different public housing sites. Observing at the speaker in public hearing level, residents’ attitudes toward public housing are related to their sites, the number of public hearings they participated, and identity. Demand, compensation and feedback, expectations of the site, procedures of the public hearing, assessment of impact, participation, traffic, public safety, sunshine, trust, and fairness are also related to their attitudes. On the other hand, in the level of the building site, NIMBY level presented a significantly positively correlated relationship with compensation and feedback, expectations of the site, procedures of the public hearing, experience of old residential policy, discrimination, participation, public safety, and tree transplanting. However, demographic characteristics and size of building site had modestly and weekly correlated relationship with NIMBY level, and are not significant.
|Appears in Collections:||公共事務研究所|
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