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Your ketogenic diet is different from theirs: scientific debates, knowledge translation and multiple practices in Taiwan
ketogenic diet,heterogeneous practices,multiple essences,everyday life,scientific debates,
|Publication Year :||2020|
The ketogenic diet is one of the most popular diets in recent years. Although the ketogenic diet is criticized by mainstream biomedicine and nutriology, many people still practice it due to its extremely efficient weight-loss effect. The mainstream scientific communities consider that it will be dangerous if people practice the ketogenic diet themselves without medical prescriptions, but people in ketogenic diet groups perceive it as a healthy lifestyle. Why do mainstream scientific communities and ketogenic diet groups evaluate the ketogenic diet so differently? And why are there differences in perceptions and practices even between different ketogenic diet groups? In this paper, I discuss three processes though which ketogenic diet established its popularity in Taiwan. Firstly, how did these advocates of ketogenic diet introduce ketogenic diet into Taiwan？What kinds of ordeal have they met? Secondly, how do people practice ketogenic diets in their daily lives. At last, why are there multiple practices of ketogenic diets ?
Based on in-depth interviews, textual, and discourse analysis, the results are divided into three parts. Firstly, ketogenic diet is controversial, still criticized by mainstream scientific communities. Advocates of the ketogenic diet hence have been engaged with two tasks to earn acceptance. One task is to debate with mainstream scientific community, trying to unravel the authority of the mainstream scientific community. The other is to recruit practicers to try the ketogenic diet. They used three main strategies to encourage people to try the new diet, including appropriating paleo diet, aligning with low-carb paradigm, labeling its distinctiveness. It is worth noting that their strategies and the boundaries of these advocate communities have been constantly changing in the process of advocating. They keep allying and demarcating with other paradigms, trying to establish a broader ketogenic diet community. Secondly, the knowledge of the ketogenic diet has been slowly diffused through advocates' translation, gradually developing common practicing methods of the ketogenic diet. However, these practicing methods might not be suitable for everybody, due to people’s diverse habits and uniqueness of human body. Discussion forums on the Internet have become the platforms that collect heterogeneous practices and experiments, which is crucial to the diffusion of ketogenic diet into practicers’daily lives. Lastly, drawing on the Actor-Network Theory(ANT), I propose that there are multiple ketogenic diets embodied through heterogeneous practices of various actors. Taking a dynamic perspective and focusing on how people practice this diet, my paper demonstrate how multiple and heterogenous practices emerged and have evolved, instead of one unified ketogenic diet. It reveals the processes through which brand-new knowledge is introduced and and strategies are employed by advocates and practicers, in order to challenge or unravel existing social orders. In addition, the multiple practices of ketogenic diets also reflect the individuation in modern society. People can create and choose their own lifestyles freely. Nevertheless, we must be aware that despite the seemly appreciation of individual freedom or that subjectivity in the movement of ketogenic diets, it may also enforce the ideology of Neoliberalism at the same time.
|Appears in Collections:||社會學系|
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