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Impoliteness Phenomenon in Chinese: A Study Based on Taiwanese TV Drama
Impoliteness,Rapport Management,face,sociality rights and obligations,Conversation Analysis,
|Publication Year :||2018|
The present study examines cinematic language, where impoliteness is frequent, and analyzes the linguistic behaviors of ordinary language with Conversation Analytic methodology. This study follows Culpeper’s definition on impoliteness(2011), and adopts his Impoliteness Strategies, revised with the notions of face and sociality rights and obligations from Rapport Management (Spencer-Oatey, 2008), as the framework of analysis. While testing the applicability of existing theories, this study also hopes to contribute to the field of Linguistic Impoliteness with discoveries in the Chinese language.
Face is an image of self of approved positives attributes a person claims in interaction, and could be read on personal, relational, and social levels. Three subgroups are created on relational level to better explain the data: based on social role, shared with significant others, relation-work. Face-attacking output strategies in the data include: obvious criticisms, implied criticisms, condemnation, negative forecast, admonishment, sarcasm, revocation, refusal, and scorn. The violation of Sociality rights and obligations is another factor of forming impoliteness, which includes Equity and Association rights, referring to the entitlements people claim in interaction which in turn form expectations of interaction. With Equity rights, acts that infringe autonomy-imposition rights are orders/requests and threats; for cost-benefit rights, the acts are exploitation/indifference and self-benefiting; while information-meddling and speaking taboo infringe both rights. With Association, acts that infringe interactional involvement-detachment rights can be analyzed in terms of conversation engagement and social interaction. Acts that infringe affectional involvement-detachment rights often come from the mismatch of recognition of the relationship among interactors. Acts of prying into personal privacy infringe both Equity and Association rights.
The nature and formation of linguistic impoliteness in Chinese are presented in this study by the analyzing and theorizing the various acts as individual and as a whole in the data. Through the categorizing process, it also appears that it is applicable to interpret the motives and causes of linguistic impoliteness in Chinese, but in order to serve as a more efficient sorting system, adjustments such as more specified definitions and clearer boundaries between each categories are needed.
|Appears in Collections:||華語教學碩士學位學程|
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