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The Organizations, Activities and Difficulties of KMT
in Hong Kong (1949-1970)
Hong Kong,Kuomintang,the Communist Party of China,Chinese Civil War,Cold War,Intelligence,Overseas Party,
|Publication Year :||2018|
Following the cross-strait division in 1949, both the Kuomintang (KMT) and the Communist Party of China (CPC) were unable to continue activities in their respective opponent’s territory; however, both parties engaged in various kinds of operations in Hong Kong. In previous scholarship, the majority of historical studies have primarily focused on CPC activities in Hong Kong, while a mere few have been regarding the KMT. In view of this, this paper discusses mass works, member training and secret intelligence, and the difficulties faced by the KMT in Hong Kong from 1949 to 1970.
The main body of this paper consists of four chapters. Chapter 1 outlines the historical background around 1949 with emphasis placed on the political and economic situation of Hong Kong, the evolution of both policies and organization within the KMT and the CPC, and the attitudes held by the British and Hong Kong governments towards the two parties. Chapter 2 analyzes the content and effectiveness of specific KMT operations—propaganda, mass works, political activities and party member training. Chapter 3 discusses the underground activities of the KMT in Hong Kong, including the use of Hong Kong as a transfer point for the dispatching of spies to mainland China and even the launch of activities designed to sabotage within Hong Kong. However due to the suppression by the Hong Kong government and internal problems within the intelligence organization, the underground activities engaged in by the KMT failed. Finally, Chapter 4 summarizes the consequences as well as the historical significance of KMT activities in Hong Kong. The author anticipates this paper will help in filling in the lack of attention given by scholarship regarding the Kuomintang in Hong Kong, and more broadly, the history of Hong Kong.
|Appears in Collections:||歷史學系|
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