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Reviewing Archaeological Researches in Eastern Taiwan by Nephrite Artifacts
prehistoric nephrite artifacts of Taiwan,Dapengkeng Culture,Peinan Culture,stratified society,gap of the disappearance of nephrite artifacts,
|Publication Year :||2019|
新石器時代中、晚期玉器不斷發展演進，由全台各地皆可見玉器大量的出現，與玉器尊貴物品（prestige good）的不斷出現，史前玉器生產演進為「為交換而生產」（production for exchange）；本文經由玉器「專業化」、「商品化」，與「權力具象化」的討論，說明新石器時代晚期的東部已經出現階層社會。
This thesis is about how the 'Nephrite artifacts' of the Neolithic Age in Taiwan appeared, what role they played in prehistoric society, and the discussion of how nephrite disappeared in the end. Looking at the position of nephrite artifacts in different periods of social culture, I will try to re-think research on the Neolithic Age of Eastern Taiwan. At the same time, I regard the 'Nephrite' and 'Prehistoric Societies' as the active subjects of a mutual dialogue, trying to interact with the current mainstream.
The emergence of nephrite artifacts can be traced back to developments in East Asia. On the one hand, this paper observes the context of the appeareance of nephrite artifacts in the Dapenkeng Culture; on the other hand, it also examines the social phenomena of the Dapenkeng Culture through nephrite artifacts. I will argue that in the early days of the Dapenkeng Culture, people entered from the west and had strong interactions with the Penghu Islands. At that time, nephrite was not present; in the late Dapenkeng Culture, nephrite craftsmen from the North was the result of a second immigration. That is, in the late stage of the Dapenkeng Culture, the nephrite craftmen arbitrarily entered into Eastern Taiwan. The second wave of people entered Taiwan carrying specific technologies, including agricultural technology in southern China, such as rice culture; it also carried the unique production and industrial technologies from the North, such as the technology of identifying nephrite. The people who entered Taiwan in the early Neolithic Periods should be marine groups travelling by sea.
In the Middle and Later Neolithic Age, nephrite articles continued to develop. A large number of nephrite articles appeared in all parts of Taiwan, and the emergence of nephrite artifacts evolved into 'production for exchange'. The discussion of 'specialization', 'commodification', and 'prestige goods' shows that there was a stratified society in Eastern Taiwan in the late Neolithic period.
Finally, in the late Neolithic period, nephrite artifacts suddenly disappeared with the advent of the Iron Age. There is growing evidence that the continuity of nephrite artifacts had been severely disrupted, and the disappearance of nephrite artifacts in the Iron Age is abrupt. I believe that the glass beads and agate beads entered the prehistoric society of Taiwan, but were not the cause of the disappearance of nephrite; people who made nephrite artifacts disappeared, and Taiwan societies had no choice but to receive glass beads and agate beads in the Iron Age.
|Appears in Collections:||人類學系|
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