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Chiang Kai-shek and the Whampoa Faith: Constructing the Worship of Authority in Postwar Taiwan
Chiang Kai-shek,Whampoa,Postwar Taiwan,Authoritarian Worship,Personality Cult,
|Publication Year :||2019|
This paper is an effort to rethink the formation of authoritarian politics in post-war Taiwan, attempting to discover how Chiang Kai-shek as an authoritarian leader relied on institutions to become the center of authoritarian worship in Taiwanese society. With this as a basis, I explore how the Nationalist government, which moved to Taiwan in 1949, reestablished it's rule after 1955 and maintained legitimacy and stability for over a decade thereafter.
After just having relocated to Taiwan, the Nationalist government initiated many movements to settle the hearts of the populace and restore and reestablish the discipline of the military. The Nationalist government’s image in Taiwanese society achieved its goal of mobilizing social resources. But, in 1955, after stabilizing its rule, the Nationalist government created a set of institutions for soldiers and officials leaving the military due to reductions in troops or military retreats. These institutions maintained the mutually beneficial relationship between the military and the state and stabilized Taiwan’s social order. Through the 1970’s, these soldiers who came to Taiwan with the Kuomintang were embedded in the same institutions, which allowed them to allowed them to live and work contentedly. The retired soldiers, who permeated every layer of Taiwanese society, were able to transform their common leader, Chiang Kai-shek, originally a dictator, into a common symbol that allowed them to satisfy their demands in an era when the circumstances in Taiwan were changing.
This research brings attention to how after 1949 the Nationalist government responding to political crises of different eras used movements and institutions impelled by Whampoa soldiers to create a massive body of common interest within Taiwanese society. At the same time, retired soldiers from different stratum of society transformed and used Chiang Kai-shek as a symbol to achieve their demands, making Chiang Kai-shek into the center of worship in Taiwanese society.
|Appears in Collections:||歷史學系|
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