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A Study of Pre-Qin Taoism’s Theories of Things
Pre-Qin Taoism,Pre-Qin Taoism Tribes,Theory of Things,Laozi,Zhuangzi,
|Publication Year :||2021|
This thesis discusses the connotations and meanings of the Pre-Qin Taoism’s Theories of Things（物論）, indicating that the Pre-Qin Taoism scholars take the questions about things as the core in their thoughts, pointing out the Theories of Things can be considered a clue to deeply understand the Pre-Qin Taoism’s thoughts. By means of their understandings of the questions about things, this thesis will explain every Pre-Qin Taoism scholar’s core concern of Theory of Things, clarifying the different types of Theories of Things. Moreover, trying to examine every scholar’s Theory of Things with the basic questions about things as well, making a comprehensive, typed comparison, to see the meaning of the difference between the Pre-Qin Taoism scholars’ Theories of Things, and gives evaluation on it.
The first chapter is introduction, I will illuminate problematic and research method of this thesis, and outline the content of every chapter.
The second chapter discusses the Theories of Things of the Pre-Qin Taoism Tribes. Firstly, I will elucidate what is “the Pre-Qin Taoism Tribes”. Next, I will elaborate the Theories of Things of Song Xing（宋鈃）, Yin Wen（尹文）, Peng Meng（彭蒙）, Tian Pian（田駢）, Shen Dao（慎到）and Yang Zhu（楊朱）in sequence, as well as the discussion concerning things in Liezi .
The third chapter discusses the Theory of Things of Laozi（老子）. First, I will point out the core concern of Laozi’s Theory of Things based on the“Tian xia（天下）” which the last essay in Zhuangzi. After that, I will expound that the core concern of Laozi’s Theory of Things can be interpreted as four meanings（four dimensions）in Laozi. And, I will elaborate the connotational dimensions contained by the four meanings of “wu”, suggesting there is a considerably close relationship between different dimensions and the core concern of Laozi’s Theory of Things.
The fourth chapter discusses the Theory of Things of Zhuangzi（莊子）. First of all, I will focus on the philosophical structure composed of two concepts “Qi Hua（氣化）” and “Wu Hua（物化）”, as well as“to understand wu” and “to response wu”, the two dimensions of the meaning of“wu wu（物物）”, trying to confirm that by doing the practice of“to understand wu” and “to response wu”, human not only can understand the significance of “tian（天）” fully, but also can follow the interrelated relationship between “tian（天）”, “ren（人）” and “wu（物）”, to open up the unlimitedness of life.
The fifth chapter is summary. I will specifically compare the difference and the core concern between the Pre-Qin Taoism scholars’ the Theories of Things, indicating that
Zhuangzi’s Theory of Things, its system is the largest, it’s thought is the deepest, its aspects, and its core concern is the most profound. It is said that Zhuangzi’s Theory of Things can truly understand the reality of things, finding the value that things can improve the life realm of human and expand humans’ horizons for things, affirming that it is possible for human and things to interact equally each other, and ultimately, for things’ life and humans’ life, both can open up the realm of unlimitedness.
|Appears in Collections:||中國文學系|
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