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A Preliminary Study on Taiwan’s Radio Program Kodomo No Jikan 'Children's Time' in Colonial Taiwan
Kodomo No Jikan,Children’s Time,Japanese Colonial Period,Radio Broadcast,Children,Shoka,Taiwan feature,
|Publication Year :||2017|
Radio broadcasting business thrived in Taiwan during its Japanese colonial period. Although numbers of programs and the content are substantially abundant, there has been little research aiming at a specific program. Therefore, this paper is devoted to the research on Kodomo No Jikan (Children's Time), a radio program specially designed for children. This paper sketches the overall development of Kodomo No Jikan and analyzes certain features of the program, including types of the content, content and participants involved in the program. In addition, this paper seeks to discover the “Taiwan feature” demonstrated in Kodomo No Jikan and how Shoka (Japanese school songs) was practiced in the program.
Kodomo No Jikan had existed throughout the radio broadcast history in colonial Taiwan (1928-1945) and was one of the most stable and long-lasting program. It consisted of ten major types of content. The both educative and entertaining content conformed to children as audience. Also, participation of children in different ages had transformed them from passive audience into active broadcasters who engaged in the program vigorously.
As the Taiwan version of its prototype from Japan, Kodomo No Jikan inherited the types of content from Japan’s Kodomo No Jikan. However, beyond the structure and form, there were many Taiwan features shown in the program. These features were not only broadcasted inside Taiwan, but also presented all over Japan in a special occasion called “National broadcasting”.
In order to see how Shoka was practiced in Kodomo No Jikan, this paper selects several major lists of Shoka to match songs performed in the singing program of Kodomo No Jikan. Results show that those school songs indeed appeared in Kodomo No Jikan. However, Shoka was not the most frequent type of songs in the singing program. This implies a borderline between the educative school songs and radio broadcast in the category of mass media.
The purpose of this paper is to enrich the research on radio broadcast and children’s music & culture in colonial Taiwan. More ambitiously, this paper is expected to be the extension and supplement of Japan’s broadcast research.
|Appears in Collections:||音樂學研究所|
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