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The Innovative Display of Historical Material and Culture: the History Exhibition of the 300-Year Commemoration of Taiwan Culture in 1930
the 300-year Commemoration of Taiwan Culture,History Exhibition,objective culture,archaeology,field research,regionalism,culturati,
|Publication Year :||2014|
The three hundred year commemoration of Taiwan Culture had been held from October 26th to November 4th, in 1930. The purpose of this commemoration was to recognize the three hundred year history of Taiwan since 1630, and to retrospect the development of Taiwan during the Japanese colonial period. The commemoration included History Exhibition, Industry Exhibition, Agriculture Display, Sanitary Display, baseball competition, and many entertainment activities. While it does not seem to be different from the usual expos held in Taiwan, the commemoration certainly had its own unique attribute. First of all, it would be the first time that an expo selected culture as the main theme. Second, the first ever History Exhibition was presented. As the core of the commemoration, the History Exhibition constructed Taiwan history by historical materials and narrated the history context in a visual way.
Though the commemoration attempted to introduce the history of Taiwan, it actually mainly reflected the history of Tainan region, as most of the committees and members of the event were Tainan literates and industrialists, and the major part of displays had strong connection with Tainan as well.
In order to mitigate the uniqueness and the complexity of commemoration and of History Exhibition, the first chapter of this thesis is going to comb through the history and the pattern of expos in Taiwan, and then bringing forth an outline of the commemoration and History Exhibition. Second chapter would focus on displays, trying to determine what and why those historical materials had been selected, and how the materials reveal both conservative and novel aspect of historical concept of the exhibition.
I presumed the crucial factor transferring traditional history material into “cultural specimen” to be the knowledge of archaeology. Therefore, in the third chapter, I will discuss how the conjuncture of history and archaeology influenced the way people defined cultural objects, and how it triggered a group of connoisseur’s interest in the field of archaeology. The new collections brought by archaeological trend had become the foundation of exhibition. The fourth chapter will introduce Inou Kanori and Hotsuki Ozaki, who showed great cultural influence in Japanese colonial Taiwan and reviewing their historical and archaeological works for the comparison of the concept between those history works and history exhibition. Moreover, Hotsuki Ozaki had come up with the concept of culturatis in which suggested a modern intellectual having the responsibility to study the regional culture and history.
These culturatis played an important role in the history exhibition. Without academic training, they searched for new historical materials with passion, and it is their effort that formed the body of exhibition. While devoting themselves to the field research, these culturatis reconstructed their Tainan identity by an innovative history narration.
|Appears in Collections:||藝術史研究所|
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