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A Comparative Study on School Lunch Policies and Regulations between Taiwan and Japan
School lunch,School Lunch Act,food education,
|Publication Year :||2020|
School lunch is a food safety issue that is commonly discussed and debated in the whole world, it has not only provided students with dietary intake of essential nutrients that are necessary for healthy growth, but has also presented itself as a platform for teaching the students etiquette education, character education, cultural education, agricultural education, environmental education, citizenship education and such education. It is the foundation of a nation’s key development.
Considering that Japan has established a School Lunch Law for over sixty years, with a focus on Taiwan’s school lunch, this study aims to investigate the differences between Taiwan and Japan’s regulations and policies concerning school lunch. Additionally, this study also discusses the major problems of the current school lunch related policies in Taiwan by using historical method, document analysis and field study.
The results of field study indicate that problems concerning school lunch in Taiwan range from inconsistent quality of school lunch, manpower shortage, incomplete regulations, segregation of duties of responsible agencies, challenges that school of rural areas face…etc.
From the aspect of school lunch legislations, Japan has established a School Lunch Law in 1945, which regulates the responsibilities of each agency, the nutrition teacher system, food education, national subsidy programs, standard of implementation fee of school lunch and more. Japan has later established Basic Act on Shokuiku (Food and Nutrition Education), which has incorporated the spirit of education into the core value of school lunch. On the other side tin Taiwan, School Health Act was established in 2002, and school lunch takes up only a small part of the Act, the rest enforcement is supplemented with administrative measures or related regulations. The approaches that Japan took to address the importance of school lunch through a dedicated school lunch law and its implementation of school lunch in the long term set a good example for Taiwan.
Learning from Japan, Taiwan can regulate the duties of all school lunch responsible agencies, and take a step forward towards implementation of food education. Furthermore, Taiwan can substantially improve the quality of school lunch and solve the issues regarding it through loosen regulatory requirements for public purchasing and the establishment of non-governmental organizations that are similar to Japan’s local school lunch association.
|Appears in Collections:||食品安全與健康研究所|
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