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Pursuing the New Republic: The Discourses and exploration of 'Second Republic of the Republic of China”
Republic of China,Second Republic,Republic,Taiwanization of the Republic of China,
|Publication Year :||2019|
The ideas of Western republicanism and democracy were gradually introduced to China since the end of the nineteen centuries. The 'Xinhai Revolution' that broke out in 1911 overthrow the Qing Dynasty and established the 'Republic of China,' the first democratic republic in East Asia. Since then, China has officially entered the Republic period in its history, and It is called the 'First Republic of the Republic of China.'
The sovereignty and constitutional system of the 'Republic of China' that once ruled the whole of China before, now in Taiwan, is a controversial topic since the Chinese Civil War and the ROC government moved to Taiwan in 1949. Due to the changes in the international political pattern and the rising of both the 'localization' political trend and the opposition movement for democracy within Taiwan, the Republic of China has created a unique example at the internal level of constitutionalism and external level of international law, and the nature of the case is not only jural but also more political.
A series of political reforms in the late 1980s opened up the “Taiwanization” and “democratization” of the ROC. In the 1990s, the Constitution was amended several times, and the Additional Articles of the Constitution of the ROC were enacted. The Constitution of the ROC, which initially covered the whole of China, and its constitutional system were gradually adjusted to suit a regime with Taiwan, Penghu, Kinmen, and Matsu as the main body. The Japanese scholar, Masahiro Wakabayashi, summed up these political projects with 'detaching from the civil war' and 'Taiwanization of the ROC.' After the completion of the constitutional revision, the ROC regime has undergone an essential change, and it has nothing to do with the public of mainland China anymore. The Republic of China on Taiwan has entered the period called 'Second Republic of the ROC.' There are, however, quite a few discussions on the usage of the Second Republic of the ROC, and those usage patterns and contexts are also different from each other.
This paper focuses on analyzing and generalizing the concept and usage of the 'Second Republic of the Republic of China' by reviewing the sources of the concept and discussion of the 'Second Republic of ROC.' It also attempts to clarify the way and processes that 'divided the period of the Republics' around the countries, and analyzes how the interaction between a series of historical events and constitutional theory affects the development of the 'constitutional system' and 'political community' of the ROC.
As concluded, this thesis finds out that not only the legal tradition and political legitimacy of the 'First Republic of the Republic of China' still exists but the 'Second Republic of the ROC Constitution' has also missed its best political opportunity in the 90s; thus it lost the chance to re-create the 'constitutional moment' of our constitutional system. However, the concept and policy framework of the 'Second Republic of the ROC' is still of reference value to the highly divergent Taiwanese society and both the ruling and opposition party. 'Pursuing the New Republic' may be the best possibility to reunite the Republic of China and Taiwan, and to find the way out for a better political order on both sides across straits
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