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An Operation and Management Analysis of Taiwan Organic Certification Bodies from the View Point of Policy Implementation
Organic Certification,Organic Agriculture,Organic Mark,Third-Party-Certification,Policy Implementation,
|Publication Year :||2019|
In recent years, with the awareness of the environment and health, organic agriculture has gradually received the attention of the people. The number of people who have invested in organic farming has grown year by year, and more and more consumers are buying organic agricultural products. In the past when consumers were not a lot, consumers could directly purchase from farmers and could see for themselves whether they were organically cultivated agricultural products. But as demand increases, consumers cannot buy directly from farmers, so the government has set relevant regulations to ensure organic produce. The government issued an organic seal to ensure organic agricultural products through verification. The system has also been independently verified by the former COA, developed to the CCA-certified civil institutions, verified by private institutions, and finally developed to the current third-party verification. The third-party verification is performed by a third-party certification body, a certification verification agency, and a verification agency to perform verification. The implementation of organic verification, in addition to the COA, certification bodies and certification bodies, is affected by many factors.
Traditionally, organic agriculture has been discussed. Most of them discuss the effect of organic seals on consumers. There are few processes to explore the implementation of front-end organic verification. This study attempts to examine the policy implementation process of organic verification in China through the perspective of policy implementation. Traditionally, policy implementation is implemented. Scholars use the policy implementation model to summarize the factors that often affect policy implementation. It includes: policy objectives and standards, higher authorities, executing agencies, and environmental factors. As mentioned earlier, there are many factors that affect the execution of organic verification, which is a very complicated process. This study aims to examine whether there are problems with the implementation of organic verification through the policy implementation model.
In this study, an in-depth interview method was conducted. During the period from 2016 to 2019, 13 committees of the COA, certification agencies, experts, scholars and farmers were interviewed, and the data were analyzed through the policy implementation model framework. After analysis of this study, it is found that the various factors mentioned above do have problems affecting the implementation of organic verification. The main issues include: conflicts between the competent authorities' counseling and regulatory positions and performance evaluation standards that do not reflect the reality, the management of the multi-horse carriages of the higher authorities, the vicious competition that may result from the charging of the certification agencies and the flexibility of the process, the employment of the auditors and the quality of the on-site performance. The degree of prosperity and the implementation of organic verification of public influence. In response to these problems, this study proposes to include effective entrustment and performance evaluation criteria for counseling services into more indicators, strengthen linkages between higher authorities, strengthen management mechanisms for auditors, and introduce organic verification into technology applications.
|Appears in Collections:||公共事務研究所|
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