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US Aid to Disaster Relief in Taiwan: Take the 87 Floods as an Example
US aid,the 87 floods,public law 480,surplus agricultural commodities act,US aid assistance system,
|Publication Year :||2019|
The 87 floods is one of the major disasters in the historical research of Taiwan. However, most of existing researches neglects the background of the US aid in the 1959. Therefore, this research re-emphasizes the context of the US aid and explores the US aid system from the perspective of disaster relief with two approaches of the post-cold war history and the social exchange theory of the foreign aid. Furthermore, the article pays attention to the initiative and autonomy of R.O.C. through the interactions between R.O.C. and the United States.
In the article, the assistance level of the US aid is divided into 3 stages. The 1st stage is Immediate Assistance; the 2nd stage is Resettlement Measures; the 3rd stage is Long-term Disaster Relief. In Chapter 2, the first and second stages are closely observed and lead to the findings for application of section 402 of the Mutual Defense Assistance Act of 1955 and public law 480 under the surplus agricultural commodities acts. Also, it presents the dynamic relationships between R.O.C. and the United States in the negotiations. Taking the agricultural hydraulic engineering and the waterworks engineering as examples, Chapter 3 analyzes the US aid assistance system, including the window for the approval, review, coordination, and implementation of R.O.C. and the US, and the mode of fund transfer. At last, the significance of disaster relief for both R.O.C and the United States is discussed in Chapter 4. To sum up, the two sides reached a successful cooperation in disaster relief in the context of the 87 floods. In terms of political interests, the disaster relief is also a great alliance for the exchange of interests between R.O.C. and the United States.
|Appears in Collections:||歷史學系|
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