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How to help low-income households to stabilize employment?
Analysis the poverty-alleviation employment programs in Taiwan and the employment promotion strategies in the US. and the UK.
Activation,Workfare,Poverty-alleviation Employment Programs,Economically Disadvantaged,TANF,New Deal,
|Publication Year :||2019|
Assisting people with low-income find employment in order to improve their economic conditions is the foundation of social work poverty service. In Taiwan, the social assistance system considers working ability as one of the requirements for low-income household qualifications. Not only does it regard “working value” as important, but is also aimed to help the people in low-income and middle-low-income households who have working ability actually get into employment.
The Social Assistance Act was amended on July 1, 2011. In the Act, the governments, including central and local, have been encouraged to take more progressive anti-poverty strategies to help the low-income households to gain their economic sufficiency. The Act requested the Labor Department and the Welfare Department in the Central government to develop a referral system to help the able-bodied people in the low income household to find jobs. However, the number of beneficiaries of the referral system is not as expected.
Since these employment poverty reduction programs in Taiwan has just developed in these few years, how to improve the program is a significant issue. This research on the one part, I’d like to understand the development context Active Labor Market Policies in the US, and UK. Though TANF and New Deal, the Workfare program in the US and UK has Mandatory requirements. The other part, I’d like aims to compare the effects of three poverty-alleviation employment programs in Taiwan, which is to help able-bodied welfare recipients to engage in job activities. The program participants, program directors and social workers are interviewed respectively to find out what experience in their pathways to employment and what social services and strategies provided are effective in terms of finding jobs and maintaining job stability.
Based on the research result, this study makes recommendations on the aspects of social policy and social program practice. In terms of assisting employment policies, we should combine administrative specialization in employment counseling and welfare services, and even consider the possibility of promoting mandatory job requirements for program participants. In the design of employment supporting programs, the economically disadvantaged program participants should be classified, and the employability of program participants should be differentiated. According to different work abilities of job seekers, programmer could assign them workplaces with different degrees of protection, in order to help them to gain work experience and further increase the multiple design of training programs. In terms of support for welfare services, family support, investment in human resources, and the use of job-searching allowances should be implemented to help the economically disadvantaged to gradually stabilize the process of entering the job market and finally become economically independent.
|Appears in Collections:||社會工作學系|
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