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Is Brownfield Redevelopment a Win-Win Approach for Releasing Contaminated Lands in Taiwan? A Brief Discussion on The An-Shun Plant Case
brownfield redevelopment,community regeneration,the An-Shun plant case,risk assessment,environmental justice,
|Publication Year :||2020|
The enactment of “Soil and Groundwater Pollution and Remediation Act” (“the act”) in Taiwan is derived from Superfund, U.S. , and both acts are in the spirit of damage compensation. Though the act has already given exceptional pollution cases the authority to set remediation goals by risk assessment, it is only based on the soil(groundwater) pollution control standard that the act is able to claim whether a land is contaiminated or not, regardless of development backgrounds and land uses might differing from each environmental incident and thus causing varying degrees of pollution.
Therefore, there are some pollution sites had failed to be cleaned up and kept contaminated due to insufficient funds or limited remediation technology. Those pollution sites are often left abandoned, idled or underused, which resulting in complex social problems that disadvantage nearby communities a lot, such as increase of unemployment rate, great migration and health issues.
This research recognizes “Brownfield redevelopment” a potential solution to release the long-lasting pollution sites and aims to explore the obstacles for implementing brownfield redevelopment through a depth study on the An-Shun plant case by interviewing with stakeholders and comparison of foreign cases. Based on domestic and foreign cases studies in this paper, the prerequisites for practicing brownfield redevelopment in Taiwan include making soil and groundwater pollution control standards vary in land uses, clarifying liabilities after risk management completed, setting up an independent third-party organization to propose risk-managing plans, establishing transparent risk assessment procedures, and enhancing people’s risk concept by environmental education.
On the other hand, this research provides an observation on citizen participation during environmental decision-making process, identifies citizen participation as the key to facilitate successful brownfield redevelopment.
|Appears in Collections:||新聞研究所|
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