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Factors Associated with Help-Seeking Behavior Among Victims of Same-Sex Intimate Partner Violence
LGB,same-sex couples,intimate partner violence,domestic violence prevention,help-seeking behavior,
|Publication Year :||2018|
Past empirical research has shown that the prevalence of intimate partner violence (IPV) is similar among heterosexuals and non-heterosexuals. Besides, the key to remaining safe and recovering from psychological trauma is encouraging victims to seek help. However, past studies have indicated that the rate of non-heterosexual victims’ help-seeking behavior is low. Thus, in order to understand what barriers the victims encountered, the aim of this study is to examine what kinds of factors are associated with help-seeking behavior among victims of same-sex IPV.
A survey was conducted herein with the Dating Violence Scale, HHRD Scale, Outness Inventory, and IPV Stigmatization Inventory. By using web surveys, the sample included 150 participants, 20 years old and older, self-identified as gay, lesbian, bisexual, and who had experienced same-sex IPV within the last 5 years. Furthermore, logistic regression was used to examine which factors could predict the help-seeking behavior of victims of same-sex IPV.
First, the results indicated that the incidence of same-sex IPV types was sequentially: psychological violence: 94.7%; physical violence: 65.3%; sexual violence: 54.0%. Most of the violence experiences were dominated by multiple violence. Besides, the incidence of unique psychological violence types of same-sex IPV, such as forcing or threatening victims to come out, and questioning or insulting victims’ sexual orientation, was 53.3%. That means its severity should not be ignored.
Second, the results showed that only 38.7% of the participants have sought help; the top three reasons why they sought help were: “The violent relationship has already caused serious negative impacts on my physical and mental health” (65.5%), “I realized I couldn’t solve the problem on my own” (56.9%), and “I wanted to end the violent relationship” (53.4%). Moreover, most of the participants turned to informal support; the top three were non-heterosexual friends, heterosexual friends, and siblings; among formal support, counseling and therapy were the most frequent, followed by LGBT organizations and hospitals. In addition, 61.3% of the participants did not seek help; the top three reasons were: “The violence was not severe enough to seek help” (59.8%), “I love him / her very much” (42.4%), and “I worried about losing the intimate relationship” (38.0%).
In the end, logistic regression analysis showed that the participants who had suffered from sexual violence, the higher degree of coming out, and the lower degree of perceived IPV cultural stigmatization, accounted for the higher chances that participants sought help. According to the findings, the implications of this study for policy, practice, and further research are provided and discussed in detail.
|Appears in Collections:||社會工作學系|
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