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Changes Over Time in the Protective Effects of Higher Education: Women's Downward Mobility Upon Reentering the Job Market in Taiwan
higher education,motherhood,occupational prestige,higher education expansion,industrial transformation,
|Publication Year :||2018|
This study investigates whether the role that higher education plays in preventing women from downward mobility upon returning to the labor market after leaving for childrearing has changed over the past 30 years. Prior studies suggested that compared with their less-educated counterparts, the more-educated women who quitted their jobs due to childbirth were less likely to experience a downward mobility (in the occupational prestige) as they returned to work. Yet, only few studies investigated whether the protective effects of women’s education on their employment outcomes have changed over time or may differ for people from birth cohorts. Over the past four decades, Taiwan has transformed from a labor-intensive economy that requires less education and human capital, to a capital-intensive economy that heavily relies on highly educated labors. Consequently, higher education has increasingly become an important factor in shaping individual’s economic prospects. However, since the 1990s, the drastic expansion of higher education promoted by a series of educational reform initiatives has led the Taiwanese society to cast doubt on the predictive power of higher education for one’s economic prospects. Given the changes in Taiwan’s labor market, it is likely that the protective effect of higher education may be different now than in the past. Using data from the Taiwanese Women’s Marriage, Fertility, and Employment Survey 2013, this study shows that the effect of higher education on preventing women from experiencing declines of occupational prestige upon returning to work depends on the period when they returned to the labor market. Women who returned to work in more recent years benefited more from higher education than their counterpart decades ago.
|Appears in Collections:||社會學系|
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