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Statistical analysis of patents invented by teachers in dental-related departments and institutes in Taiwan
patent,inventor,applicant,invention patents,utility model patents,design patents,
|Publication Year :||2012|
A patent is a form of intellectual property. Patent rights are granted after the application is examined and approved under the Patent Act. Patents are classified into three categories, invention patents, utility model patents, and design patents. The patentee of a patented article have the exclusive right, therefore, it is important for a company to get a patent. In addition, owning patents is a protection for inventors in the academic field.
In Taiwan, there are eight schools having the dental departments or institutes, and each school has its field of research. By classifying and comparing teachers’ patents, we can predict the ability or development of the departments and institutes.
We classified the patents into six categories, dental material, dental instrument, dental method of assay, biomedicine, cancer related and others. Dental material-related patents were the major part, and accounted for 36% of all patents. Dentists had dental related patents in 66% of all patents. In contrast, non-dentist teachers had 53% of all patents. As for the professional level, professors had the majority of patents which accounted for 60% of all patents. Analyzing the applicants, school-applied patents were 51% and company-applied patents were 24% of all patents.
Each school or institute had its own application pattern. Teachers in National Taiwan University applied patents by cooperating with others in their school. National Yang Ming University had the majority of its patents applied by individual teachers. Taipei Medical University had more numbers of patents than other schools or institutes. Teachers in Chung Shan Medical University developed most dental material-related patents in its school. In China Medical University, assistant professors had the highest density of patents than others in the school. Most teachers in Kaohsiung Medical University applied dental-related patents. National Cheng Kung University applied more numbers of patents in dental method of assay, biomedicine and cancer-related fields than other schools or institutes. Teachers in National Defense University preferred to apply patents by their institute.
In this thesis, by classifying inventors into primary inventor and co-inventor, we tried to access the ability of teachers and the direction of development in each dental school or institute. In addition, we can understand the advantage and disadvantage of each school in development of patents. Moreover, the thesis may give a reference for ranking the departments or institutes in each school or institute.
|Appears in Collections:||口腔生物科學研究所|
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