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The reproduction of homemaker: The mother and mother-in-law effect
female labor force participation,mother,mother-in-law,role modeling,
|Publication Year :||2014|
從Del Boca, Locatelli and Pasqua (2000)和Fernandez(2004)的研究發現母親與婆婆的職業身分比起丈夫收入更能夠有效預測已婚女性是否外出工作。美國研究尚且如此，那在家庭關係更加密切的台灣，婆婆與媽媽到底會不會影響媳婦的工作選擇？
為回答此問題，本研究採用「華人家庭動態資料庫」的資料，利用多元邏輯迴歸模型（multinomial logistic regression model）探究母親與婆婆的職業是否影響已婚女性婚後退出勞動市場。
Previous Studies in labor force participation of married women mainly focus on the linkages among the needs of finance, care, and labor capitals for their own family. However, the studies ignored the non-economic factors, especially the fact that married women need to adapt her new identity, role model transition, and traditional cultural norms play an important role in influencing career path. Without taking cultural norms effects on career path of married women into consideration, it could not depict the whole picture of married women employment.
My study aims at analysis on the relationship between cultural norms affects the married women employment and career path. Assuming that the culture norm inheritance in the family is via the medium, Mother or Mother-in-Law which play important role in gender modeling, my studies hypothesize that “Mother or Mother-in-Law” influences “Married Women Employment”.
According to Del Boca, Locatelli and Pasqua (2000), both the mother and mother-in-law are significant determinants of whether a son’s wife works. And Fernandez (2004) indicated that occupation of mother or mother-in-law has more significant level than husband income level on predict married women labor participation. On the basis of the studies from US and Europe, my study would like to deeply research if labor force participation of mother and mother-in-law affect married women’s employment decision in Taiwan.
The analysis of this paper is based on multinomial logistic regression model with data from the Panel Study of Family Dynamics (PSFD).
First significant finding add to the evidence that women are more likely to stay outside of the labor market when she was single and to resign after married if one of her own mother or mother-in-law was a house-maker. Second finding is that the influence from mother doesn’t weaken over time while the one from mother-in-law does fade gradually from generation to generation. Third finding is the interaction between women’s education as well as the existence of working experience of mother and mother-in-law is significant determinants of married women to leave from their employment. With the enhancement in the level of education, women are more likely to work before married and to keep employment after married.
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