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The Library Contextual Effect on Relationship between Feminine Leadership Characteristics and Leadership Effectiveness of Middle Managers in the University Libraries in Taiwan
Feminine Leadership Characteristics,Leadership Effectiveness,Middle Manager,University Library Contexts,Contextual Effects,Multilevel Analysis,
|Publication Year :||2008|
This study is to examine the relationship between feminine leadership characteristics and leadership effectiveness of middle managers in the university libraries in Taiwan and to assess the influence of the library contextual effect on the relationship between feminine leadership characteristics and leadership effectiveness. The research conducts a questionnaire survey of 818 librarians and 196 middle managers from 52 university libraries, and also proceeds with a depth interview of 20 university librarians and their direct middle managers.
According to depth interview of librarians and their middle managers, feminine leadership can be characterized into five distinct dimensions: nonhierarchical management, conflict management, information sharing, supportive environment, and commitment to diversity that reflects the definition of feminine leadership from the literature. In addition, four distinct dimensions of leadership effectiveness can also be derived: goal achievement, subordinates performance, group process, and leadership capability and they are also consistent with the definition of the concept in the literature. Multi-level analyses are utilized to examine the research hypotheses in which level-1 refers to librarians and level-2 refers to both middle mangers and libraries.
The results show that the variance of feminine leadership and leadership effectiveness of 196 middle managers attributed to the difference between managers is 36.03% and 19.71%, respectively. Feminine leadership of middle managers perceived by librarians does not differ by the gender and tenure of librarians, but it differs by the education of librarians with higher value for those who have graduate degree. However, the leadership effectiveness of middle managers does not vary by the gender, education, and tenure of librarians. The results also show that the feminine leaderships of middle managers do have a significant influence on their leadership effectiveness both perceived by the librarians. Also, the influence of feminine leadership on leadership effectiveness differs by the attributes of middle managers and library’s contexts in terms of public/private, north/non-north, and library scale. Policy implication for libraries is also provided.
|Appears in Collections:||圖書資訊學系|
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