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Taoist,Li-Yue,Lao-Tse,Chuang-Tsu,Huan- Lao Taoist,
|Publication Year :||2005|
This thesis focuses on the thought of 'Li-Yue'(禮樂) of the pre-Quin Taoist and presents the disscussion from the exploration of the criticism about 'Li-Yue' from three different facets, including the ones of Lao-Tsu, Chuang-Tsu, and the Huan- Lao Taoist. Lao-Tse, as we know, inherits the spirit of 'Li-Yue' in Chou Dynasty, but on the other hand, he explains it with Tao and put it in a new light.
Instead, exploring the meaning of 'Li-Yue' from the horizon of existence, Chuang-Tsu takes up his reflection from the tense relationship between 'Li' and the individual, and furthermore gives new meanings to 'Li' by thinking of how to get rid of the relationship. Later, the followers of Chuang-Tsu criticize 'Li' of its having become the one which is full of forms and skills , so they on the one hand give 'Li' new meanings through combining the form and the content, the basic and the extreme. Moreover, 'Li'(禮) and 'Yue'(樂) used to be regarded as a whole; however, the school of Chuang-Tsu, not only followes the way but, on the other hand, also reflects on the specific meaning of esthetics of music from life and the universe.
In the third part, the argument deals with Huan- Lao Taoists' reflection. Their argument is based on 'Tao' and spreaded out with the philosophical method, absorbing the theories of other schools. Huan- Lao Taoists imbue Tao into the meaning of 'Li-Yue' through the linkages, 'Li'(理), 'Der'(德) and so on. On the basis of Tao, Huan- Lao Taoists explain the inner meaning of 'Li-Yue' by these topics, keeping the order of the ranks in the society, changing with time, self-cultivation, keeping healthy and so on, which are in accordance with the demands of the society. In short, Huan- Lao Taoists' reflection on 'Li-Yue' wholly depends on the social situation, so their argument is more realistic and socialized.
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