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The optimal experience of 'pasibutbut' : Investigating the consciousness state of Bunun Taiwanese when singing the Millet Harvest Praying Song
|Authors:||"Lang Wei,Ma La Ssu La San"|
Millet praying song,Pasibutbut,Taiwanese aborigines Bunun tribe,Flow,State of consciousness,rounding off,
|Publication Year :||2017|
為探究圓滿經驗之意識狀態，最直接來源是收集布農族人吟唱pasibutbut的經驗。考量意識主觀經驗的資料收集需要大量語言交換，以深度訪談的方式收集，分兩階段收集。第一階段為探索論題各面向的適切性，共訪談人數14位，方法包括一對一深度訪談與團體討論等。初步歸納圓滿經驗主要關鍵的特質，再擬定第二次結構式的訪談大綱。 第二階段主要聚焦表演團體的訪談，所參與的人數為10人，方法包括開放性的訪談、結構式的訪談與輔助之問卷評量表。 結合兩次之資料，本研究共訪談24位pasibutbut吟唱者，進行綜合分析與歸納，初探出圓滿意識經驗的特質。
The Bunun tribe in Taiwan sing a ritual song Pasibutbut to pray for abundant millet harvest in the coming year. To represent the Bunun tribe in singing Pasibutbut, an individual must undergo a rigorous selection process. Those selected strive to complete the mission in earnest. According to previous studies, the experience of achieving a personal goal is referred to as “rounding off,” or maslin or bisosilin in the Bunun language. In the case of Pasibutbut, although the mission is explicitly expressed in the form of harmonious singing, its essence is a state or experience of seeking satsifaction from the divine.The nature of the “rounding off” experience of Pasibutbut is worthy of investigation.This study explored the state of consciousness involved in the “rounding off” experience of Pasibutbut.
The most direct method of investigating the state of consciousness involved in “rounding off” is to collect Bunun people’s experiences of singing Pasibutbut. In-depth interviews were conducted to collect subjective experiences from Bunun people, the collection of which requires a large amount of verbal communication. This data collection was implemented in two stages, namely a first stage of exploratory interviews and second stage of formal interviews. In the first stage, 14 people were interviewed and data were collected through one-on-one interviews and a group discussion. From the data, the researcher summarized the preliminary key characteristics of the “rounding off” experience and prepared a structural outline for the second interview stage. In the second stage, formal interviews were conducted with ten interviewees and data were collected through open interviews, structured interviews, and a supplementary questionnaire survey. Data from the two stages, in which 24 Pasibutbut singers were interviewed, were pooled. After analyzing the pooled data, the researcher summarized the preliminary characteristics of the consciousness in the “rounding off” experience.
Based on this preliminary study, it is discovered that the consciousness of “rounding off” contains four characteristics: a sense of oneness, sense of mastering skills, sense of focus, and sense of positive pleasantness. In order to gain a deeper understanding of the consciousness of “rounding off,” these four characteristics were compared with the more extensively-studied flow experience in this thesis. This study found that the four characteristics are similar to those of the flow experience but not identical, including the experience of spiritual oneness and the hearing experience involved. This study makes three major contributions. First, it provides information on the consciousness in Pasibutbut singing. Second, it presents the psychological value of singing Pasibutbut in addition to the song’s musicological value. Third, it provides a dialogue between Bunun ethnic culture and universal science.
|Appears in Collections:||音樂學研究所|
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