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Food Risk Perception 9-year after Fukushima Nuclear Accident: Take Graduate Institute of Food Safety in Taiwan as an Example
Risk perception,Risk communication,Food risk,Food safety,Fukushima nuclear accident,
|Publication Year :||2020|
On March 11, 2011, an earthquake with magnitude 9.0 occurred in the outer sea of Northeastern Japan and the tsunami destroyed Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant. Lots of radioactive materials were released, and soil, water, and food were contaminated. Several countries around the world, including Taiwan, took some activities to protect people’s health. On March 25, our government banned all Japanese food imports from Fukushima, Ibaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, and Chiba. More than nine years passed, we preliminary understand the public’s views on this issue through the result of the referendum. In order to understand the point of view of the experts focusing on the food safety issue, we try to organize the questionnaire to explore the risk perception of experts from the six graduate institutes of food safety in Taiwan. From a professional perspective, their perception will be as a basis for subsequent risk communication.
Our study design is applying survey respondents by using an Internet questionnaire. There are six parts, including risk perception of Japanese foods and potential nuclear accidents in surrounding countries, knowledge questions, confidence in our government, food safety information requirements and search behavior and sociodemographic characteristics, total 30 questions.
A total of 70 respondents have been investigated. Over 70% people did not avoid purchasing Japanese foods. 31.4% of people thought that Japanese foods will be affected for 11-50 years in the future. If nuclear accidents occur again in Taiwan, 45.7% of the people thought that Taiwan would have the greatest effect on food safety, and over half of the people (54.3%) answered close distance was the reason. Half of the respondents considered the main reason that affects our health was exposing to air, rain or seawater, the other half of the respondents thought ingesting food or water contaminated with radionuclides. The knowledge of radioactivity, environmental radiation, and health effects was high, except for eating foods with high iodine content for prevention (correct rate = 32.9%).
Most of people were confident in our government. Among the information sources, 40.0% of people considered that governmental institutions were the most credible, following by food safety experts. Most of the respondents (84.3%) were interested in different types of food safety information related to the Fukushima accident and 80.0% people knew Taiwan Food and Drug Administration provided large amounts of information related to radioactive contamination of food via various online channels. 65.7% of the people responded they would like to participate in food safety education related to radioactive contamination by the government and the modes of education contain on-line education.
Even nine years after the Fukushima accident, it is still a highly concerned public issue among the food safety-related experts. Most of them were confident in our government and believed the information from the government. After knowing their risk perception, it probably will affect banned policies and be as a basis for subsequent risk communication.
|Appears in Collections:||食品安全與健康研究所|
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