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An Analysis on How The Wall Street Journal and The Washington Post Reported on the Relationship between United States, China, And Taiwan during Bush’s Presidency, 2001-2008
The Washington Post,The Wall Street Journal,the relationship between U.S., China, and Taiwan,w. Bush,Chen Shui-bien,
|Publication Year :||2013|
針對以上國際事務，由於一般民眾並沒有辦法親身經歷，多會依賴媒體所提供的資訊來了解。因此本研究欲探討，立場分別偏向於自由派與保守派的《華盛頓郵報》（The Washington Post）與《華爾街日報》（The Wall Street Journal）在報導與美中台有關的政治、經濟、軍事議題時，是否會受到執政者小布希保守派立場的影響，報導也會有所偏頗。
The relationships between the United States, China, Taiwan and the many international societies had a significant change from 2001 to 2008. During this time, Bush was president of the United States and Chen Shui-bian was the Taiwanese President after the Democratic Progressive Party took office for the first time. Also, the relationship between the U.S., China, and Taiwan was affected with the occurrence of different events. The outbreak of September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks changed Bush’s policies towards China and Taiwan as well as the international societies. Also, Bush gradually altered its political stance of anti-Chinese, from originally worrying about the threat of China’s growing national power by selling weapons to Taiwan as a defensive strategy, to strengthening the relationship with China and working together on “anti-terrorists” tasks. Bush’s foreign policies have also changed from “unilateralism,” seeing America as the only super power country, to 'bilateralism” and “multilateralism,” cooperating with other counties on “anti-terrorist” policies. Also, the “localization” policies President Chen Shui-bian implemented after re-election in 2004, has angered the Chinese government, and increased tensions between the U.S., China and Taiwan relations.
People who do not have much access to the information from these international affairs would rely on the media to obtain it. This study is going to discuss how the two elite newspapers within the United States - The Washington Post and The Wall Street Journal, each leaning towards liberal and conservative ideals- report on political, economic, and military issues between the U.S., China, and Taiwan relations, deciding whether or not the news would be affected by Bush’s political stance.
The study will first use content analysis and the frame theory to analyze the issues discussed within the two newspapers, which are the cross- Strait political relations, the political relations between the U.S. and China, and Chinese’s military threats toward Taiwan. This study then uses discourse analysis to find a deep meaning within the news content, which shows that The Washington Post, although having a different political stance from Bush, it changed when Bush changed. The Wall Street Journal, with its political stance leaning towards conservatives like Bush, however, stuck with its “anti-Chinese” stance which did not change much with Bush. Lastly, the image of Taiwan started developing when the two newspapers began reporting on the U.S. and cross-Straits relations. Politically, both newspapers encouraged Taiwan’s democratic government, however criticizing the unnecessary policies that Chen proposed. Economically, The Washington Post, focused more on a successful trade relationship between Taiwan and China as compared to The Wall Street Journal, hoping the cross-Strait political relations can be improved. Lastly, both papers portrayed Taiwan as an island with a weak military, and because of that, require the help of the U.S. to deal with the Chinese threat, which shows that they emphasized the concept of the U.S. as a super power.
|Appears in Collections:||新聞研究所|
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