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Exploring the Intention of Career Transition and Related Factors of Clinical Research Nursing among Registered Nurses
clinical trials,clinical research nurses,intention,career transition,theory of planned behavior,
|Publication Year :||2018|
Background: We have an unmet need for clinical research professionals, and meanwhile, studies show that there are high intentions of non-nursing transition and turnover rate among registered nurses (RNs) in Taiwan leads to the loss of nursing professionals in institutions and nursing industry, and brings a great challenge to the development of multiple nursing roles in Taiwan as well. The RNs have the myth for traditional nursing roles, unfamiliarities for clinical research nursing and the stigmatization for clinical research leading to negative influences for them to consider a career transition to clinical research nurses(CRNs).
Aims: We aim to help make strategies for the enrollment of CRNs and improve the development of multiple nursing roles in Taiwan through exploring the intentions and related factores of clinical research nursing among RNs.
Methods: We conduct the cross-sectional study by using a snowball sampling and self-developmented scale tool to enroll in-service RNs who work in the facilities where approved to conduct clinical research by authorities.We report the results by descriptive and inferential statistical methods, and we also discuss the scale construction, including its theoretical base, results of experts’ reviewing and pretesting, factor analysis and the reliability and validity estimates.
Results: We collected 182 valid scales from wards, intensive care units, and others from three medical centers in northern Taiwan during 28 Dec 2017 to 18 Jan 2018. The study findings show the participants possess an upper-intermediate level of the transitional intention to clinical research nursing. The RNs who are younger, with the educational background in junior college, two and four-year program, plans for career transition, considering their transitions to ordinary nursing or to CRNs have higher transitional intentions of clinical research nursing. Furthermore, the attitudes toward the transition to clinical research nursing, the tendency of exteral locus of control and the subjective norms are the main predictors in the prediction of the intentions of career transition to clinical research nursing among RNs. The total of 45% variation is explained by the multiple regression model.
Conclusions: The intentions of career transition to clinical research nursing are mainly influenced by the positivism of RNs’ attitudes, tendency of external locus of control and their perception of the subjective norms. Knowing the target population with the higher intention of career transition to clinical research nursing and the factors to facilitate or weaken their intention through our research findings brings a brand new perspective to make strategies for enrolling CRNs from RNs. Moreover, increasing the rate of transition to clinical research nursing instead of non-nursing industries in RNs also makes a significant contribution to flourishing the development of multiple nursing roles in Taiwan’s nursing profession.
|Appears in Collections:||護理學系所|
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